Hypertension

Hypertension Specialist
Dr. Sierra serves patients from in and around Midtown and New York City who are dealing with high blood pressure. From her Broadway office, Dr. Sierra offers advanced testing and treatment of hypertension and other metabolic disorders.

Hypertension Q & A

by Carolina G. Sierra, MD

What is Hypertension?

Hypertension, also known as high blood pressure, affects billions of people worldwide and the treatment of the condition is a priority for our office. To understand hypertension, it is helpful to know that blood pressure is the force applied to blood vessels by the blood flowing through them. Hypertension is defined as having a blood pressure reading of higher than 140 over 90mmHg. This is not an exact threshold however and high blood pressure can fall between a range of 140 to 159 or 90 to 99, over that and the person is seen to be in a different stage of high blood pressure.

What Symptoms Are Associated with Hypertension?

Hypertension can exist without symptoms for many people, however, long-term hypertension can cause internal symptoms which a doctor can identify through an exam. Complications which can accompany hypertension include:

  • An enlarged heart
  • A weaken heart
  • Blood vessel narrowing
  • Aneurysms- an atypical bulge in the wall of an artery
  • Blood vessels in the eyes may bleed or rupture

How is Hypertension Treated? 

Changes in the patient’s lifestyle are critical to maintaining lower blood pressure. Many doctors recommend that patients reduce their intake of salt and alcohol while increasing the amount of vegetables, fruits, and foods which are low in fat. Reducing their weight has also been shown to greatly help a patient’s blood pressure. Regular exercise can help them achieve this and also holds its own benefits as well. Patients are also advised to quit smoking because it can raise blood pressure as well. If these changes are not enough, medications can also be prescribed. Medications are used in combination with lifestyle changes. The choice of drug will depend on the person and any other conditions which they may have.

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